Texas Independence Trail

The Texas Independence Trail Region, incorporating 28 counties from Liberty (east of Houston) along the Gulf Coast to Refugio (south of Victoria) to San Antonio (Bexar County) in the west and to Washington County in the north, encourages travelers to experience the spirit of the Texas independence story. The saga of the struggle for Texas’ independence is one of the most recognized in the world. The larger than life images of Texas heroes and settlers resonate throughout this state and country and beyond. Travelers have a wealth of options to relive this dynamic history and to learn more about the men and women who settled this vast land, to understand the origins of the grand impression this state imprints on residents and visitors alike.

Texas Independence Trail Attractions

The Texas Independence Trail Region contains a rich variety of heritage-based attractions. Historical sites like the Alamo, Presidio La Bahia and the San Jacinto Monument and Battle site inspire visitors with their depictions of Texas history.

Historical sites such as these and heritage museums are listed by the city under the “historical sites” link. With such a wealth of cultural and heritage attractions, the 28 counties that comprise the Independence Trail Region offer many unexpected treasures as well. “Unique Sites/Museums” lists (again, by city) attractions that offer a different perspective on the world around us, or serendipitous information about things that are too often forgotten by our traditional heritage sites. Here you will find the Stanzel Model Aircraft Museum in Schulenburg, the Funeral Service Industry Museum in Houston and the Monastery of St. Clare Miniature Horse Farm near Brenham along with dozens more.

The Texas Independence Trail Region also has a number of renowned courthouses among its 28 county seats. And other heritage attractions, like historic churches and cemeteries, which are poignant reminders of our past. Many courthouses, cemeteries, and churches serve to assist as genealogical resources. Whatever your interest, from natural beauty to history and beyond, we’re sure you’ll find plenty to keep you busy as you travel off the beaten path in the Texas Independence Trail Region.

Reenactment Schedules

For information on admission prices and to confirm times and locations, please call the contact numbers. We appreciate your patronage of our attractions.

Bastrop – Pine Street Market Days, second Saturday.  (512)321-2419.

Bay City – Market Day on the Square, third Saturday. (979) 245-8333.

Bellville – First Saturday Market Day on the courthouse square. (March and April).  (979) 865-3407.

Brenham – 2nd Weekend Downtown. (888) BRENHAM.

Columbus – Music at the Country Opry, every Saturday at 7:30 p.m. (979) 732-9210.

Elgin – Market Days in Memorial Park, first Saturday. (512) 281-4380.

Goliad – Goliad Market Days, second Saturday around the courthouse square. (361) 645-3563.

Houston – Farm Life Interpretation and Nature Demonstrations, weekends from 1 to 4 p.m. Armand Bayou Nature Center. (281) 474-2551.

LaGrange – Main Street Market Days on the Square, first Saturday. (979) 968-8701.  Also, Historic Tours of Monument Hill and Kreische Brewery State Historical Park.  By reservation for groups of 10 or more. (979) 968-5658.

Liberty – Opry on the Square, shows every Friday and Saturday at 7:30 p.m. at (800) 248-8918. Also, La Bahia Market and Saturday Stroll, every Saturday through March 10. (936) 336-5736.

Lockhart – Country Music Show, 3rd Tuesday at 7:30 p.m. at Intermediate School.  Also, Lockhart Opry, 4th Monday. 512-281-3854 and held at the Lions Club Building.

Refugio – County Jamboree, last Friday at the County Community Center. (361) 526-2835.

San Felipe – Historic Tours of Stephen F. Austin State Historical Park, Sundays from 1-5 p.m. (979) 885-3613.

Seabrook – Old Seabrook Back Bay Market, second weekend. (281) 474-3869.

Seguin – Main Street Trader Days, last Saturday in March and April. (830) 379.6382.

Victoria – Country Opry at the Community Center Annex, 3rd Friday from 7:30-10:00 p.m. (361) 552-9347.

Yoakum – Country Music at the Community Center, 2nd Tuesday. (361) 293-2309.

Washington – Washington on the Brazos, (979) 830-1824

Independence Trail Region Timeline of Events

1685 Explorer Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle builds French colony at Lavaca Bay.
1690 Spain builds outposts in East Texas to block French trespass.
1718-31 Spain concentrates its power in Texas at San Antonio.
1749-54 Presidio and missions built at Goliad to guard Texas coast.
1803 U.S. purchases Louisiana from France.
1819 Adams-Onis Treaty clarifies boundaries for Spanish lands in North America.
1812-19 American filibustering expeditions support separation from Mexico.
1821 Mexico wins independence from Spain.
1822 Stephen F. Austin begins colonization of lower Brazos-Colorado rivers.
1824 Mexico adopts federalist constitution similar to U.S.; Texas and neighbor Coahuila joined as a single state. Anglo immigration increases.
1831-32 New tax and immigration laws cause clashes at Anahuac, Velasco and Nacogdoches.
Oct. 1832 Texas delegates at San Felipe draft petition for relief.
April 1833 Convention at San Felipe petitions for separate statehood from Coahuila.
1834 Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna creates Mexican dictatorship and repeals 1824 Constitution. Stephen F. Austin jailed 28 months in Mexico City of charges of sedition.
June 1835 Texan rebels defeat Mexican troops at Fort Anahuac.
Oct. 2, 1835 First shots of Texas Revolution fired at Gonzales.
Oct. 16, 1835 San Felipe delegates resolve against Santa Anna, vote for provisional Mexican state government and order Sam Houston to raise an army.
Late 1835 General rebellion: Texans take Presidio La Bahia at Goliad and lay siege to San Antonio.
Nov. 1835 Texas delegates vote to defend 1824 Mexican Constitution, take up arms against Santa Anna; Southern volunteers begin arriving for the Texas fight. Dec. 20, 1835 Rebels holding Presidio La Bahia at Goliad ratify Texas Declaration of Independence.
Feb. 24, 1836 Siege of the Alamo begins.
March 2, 1836 Texas Declaration of Independence presented at Washington-on-the-Brazos.
March 6, 1836 The Alamo falls; Runaway Scrape begins.
March 19-20, 1836 Mexican army surrounds Col. James W. Fannin’s troops at Battle of Coleto.
March 27, 1836 Santa Anna orders execution of Fannin’s surrendered troops.
April 15, 1836 Santa Anna burns Harrisburg.
April 20, 1836 Sam Houston’s 910-man army arrives at San Jacinto River.
April 21, 1836 Texan surprise attack defeats Santa Anna’s army.
May 14, 1836 Texas Republic Period begins with peace treaties signed at Velasco.
Oct. 2, 1836 Columbia hosts first Republic Congress.
Oct. 22, 1836 Sam Houston sworn in as President of the Republic of Texas.
June 1839 Waterloo (Austin) chosen as Texas capital.
March 19, 1840 Texans massacre Comanche chiefs at San Antonio Council House Fight.
March 5, 1842 Centralist rebels try to reinstate Mexican law over San Antonio.
March 13, 1842 Texas capital returns to Houston as fear of Mexican invasion arise.
Sept. 1842 Mexican Gen. Adrian Woll captures San Antonio; Texan volunteers engaged at Salado Creek battles.
Nov.-Dec. 1842 Texans try to avenge Mexican invasion with ill-fated Mier Expedition.
June 1843 Texas-Mexico truce signed.
1843-45 U.S. Congress debates the Texas annexation question. President John Tyler calls for statehood.
Dec. 29, 1845 President James K. Polk signs annexation acts to allow Texas into the Union.

Education Resources

Teachers and students of Texas history: the Texas Independence Trail Region Board of Directors is committed to developing educational resources that can supplement and enhance the Texas history experience for students and teachers alike. This is a commitment that will take time, but we continue to develop ideas for these pages. Currently, we offer a list of age-appropriate books on Texas history, county-specific histories 1822-1837 and county-specific resources for teachers. We will also develop specific resources for teachers and students in the near future. Teachers: please browse the entire site at your convenience and share any feedback you would like. The county pages include a link to county history that might provide a jumping-off point for discussions of local history in your classrooms.